WHO to rename monkeypox virus and convene an emergency committee

The World Health Organization wants to change the name of the monkeypox virus in Portuguese and has decided to convene an emergency committee to decide whether to raise the alert level in the face of the epidemic of the disease. did. The announcement was made yesterday by Secretary Tedros Adhanom Gebreyes when nearly 1,500 suspicious cases were reported in 28 countries where the virus did not spread, including Portugal.

The meeting is scheduled for June 23, and experts will decide whether the current outbreak will be declared a Public Health Emergency of International Public Health (PHEIC).

And if this is a decision, it is the seventh time that this designation, defined by the International Health Regulations in 2005, has been assigned to emerging infectious diseases by WHO.

The “debut” was Influenza A in 2009, which was declared the first pandemic of the century. This was followed by a resurgence of polio cases in Pakistan and Afghanistan in 2014, followed by outbreaks of Ebola in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone in the same year, ringing a global alarm that has been devastating for more than two years. Nearly half of the confirmed cases, 11,000, are in an emergency in hospitals around the world at the risk of highly contagious and deadly virus imports.

In 2016, warnings about the Zika virus continued, and in 2019, after a series of negative opinions, the Ebola epidemic in the Republic of the Congo, which has continued since 2018, is also an international public health emergency. Is declared as.

At that time, the world was already shocked by covid-19-it was the sixth time experts had activated this mechanism before consensus was reached on the pandemic declaration-the delay in that decision was due to WHO. .. .. The declaration of an international public health emergency regarding the new coronavirus was made on 20 January 2020, with 7818 covid-19s confirmed in 19 countries in 5 of the 6 WHO regions. rice field. The Emergency Committee will meet again in January 2020, when Wuan was still in the spotlight, excluding the pandemic declaration that would only occur on March 11, 2020.

Cases of monkeypox have been identified in 28 countries where the virus did not spread, and the epidemic is spreading in some African countries where monkeypox is already prevalent, with Congo being the most problematic. Since January, 1356 suspicious cases have been reported and 64 deaths have been reported. Infection is easier than at the onset of covid-19, and in both cases it is known that the reported cases do not represent the entire infected person.

WHO has not ruled out a new pandemic declaration, but argues that the current outbreak needs to be contained. It’s not happening.

Vaccination is the next bet. Also yesterday, the World Health Organization announced that post-exposure prophylaxis (ideally the first 4 days) and pre-exposure if more exposed would be vaccinated against infected contacts rather than in groups. Recommended. Medical professional. WHO is betting on communication with the most affected, or at least diagnosed, groups, such as men who have sex with men.

The European Union yesterday announced the acquisition of 110,000 doses of vaccine against monkeypox from Danish biotechnology company Bayern Nordic, which will be available at the end of June. The DGS has not yet shown how vaccination is done in Portugal, but it turns out that the country has some of these vaccines. In some countries, such as the United States, United Kingdom and Canada, we have begun vaccination against risk contact with the smallpox vaccine. In Europe, such as France, which has already started vaccination. Portugal is one of the countries with the most reported cases, but in the final balance 231 has not yet started vaccination. This vaccine is “not indicated”, that is, it is given from the same vaccine in the absence of a specific indication for the virus. family.

New name for human virus Some researchers have suggested renaming and circulating systems for viruses related to West Africa to remove geographical stigma.

A proposal recently published by researchers in 29 countries, including Joan Paulo Gomes, who is responsible for monitoring the genetic diversity of the virus by Dr. National Institutes of Health. Ricardo Jorge believes that this is a different human metapneumovirus (MPXV) and that each variant has a numerical display such as A.1 or A.2, so the designation is hMPXV. about it. -CoV-2 variants and subvariants have been categorized.

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