WHO announces unified response to monkeypox

Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958, when smallpox-like illnesses occurred twice in monkey colonies kept for research. The first human case of this subspecies was recorded in 1970 in Congo. It was later reported in humans in other Central and West African countries.

“Monkeypox reappeared in Nigeria in 2017 after more than 40 years, but no cases have been reported. Since then, more than 450 cases have been reported in African countries, at least 8 Two cases are exported internationally.

According to the laboratory, this type of smallpox is caused by a virus that infects monkeys, but it can accidentally contaminate humans. “There are two types of monkeypox virus, one from West Africa and one from the Congo Basin (Central Africa). Although monkeypox virus infection in West Africa can cause serious illness in some people. , The illness is usually self-restricting (no treatment required), “the laboratory explains.

The World Health Organization (WHO) announced on Saturday (18) this week that it will remove from statistics the distinction between endemic and non-endemic countries for the monkeypox virus, known as the monkeypox virus. According to the organization, this measure aims to promote a unified response to the virus.

For the time being, WHO rates the disease as a moderate risk, as it is the first outbreak of an infectious disease in a non-epidemic country. | Reuters

“We will report countries together as much as possible and remove the distinction between endemic and non-endemic countries to reflect the unified response needed,” announced Saturday on the WHO website. Read the statement.

Prior to the spread of the disease to several countries, monkeypox was considered endemic in Central and West African countries (which circulates year-round in the country with the expected number of cases and deaths. I have). However, according to WHO, there have been reports of the disease in several other non-epidemic countries, especially in Europe, in recent months, already accounting for 84% of reported cases.

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This year alone, between January 1st and June 15th, 2,103 confirmed cases of monkeypox were reported in 42 countries, with one estimated case and one death reported. However, WHO believes the number of cases is even higher. “The actual number of cases may remain underestimated. This is the lack of early clinical awareness of infectious diseases that are thought to occur primarily in West Africa and Central Africa, in most cases. It may be due in part to non-serious clinical symptoms, limited monitoring, and lack of widely available diagnosis. The statement said.

Smallpox caused by the hMPXV virus (human monkey pox virus) causes milder illness than smallpox eradicated in the 1980s. Today, there are two endemic strains of monkeypox that circulate on Earth. Endemic disease in West Africa, with case fatality rates of 1% to 3%, is the cause of current outbreaks in other countries. According to WHO, other monkeypox strains of Congolese origin are also endemic in some African countries, with case fatality rates up to 10% and considered more dangerous.

Monkeypox is a rare viral disease transmitted by close contact with an infected person with skin lesions.
Monkeypox is a rare viral disease transmitted by close contact with an infected person with skin lesions. | Ag.Brazil

For the time being, WHO rates the disease as a moderate risk, as it is the first outbreak of an infectious disease in a non-epidemic country very far from each other. On June 23, the organization will meet to assess whether the current outbreak represents an “internationally significant public health emergency,” WHO Secretary Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said in his social. I’m writing on the network. For example, the new coronavirus pandemic was declared by WHO in January 2020 as a public health emergency of international concern.

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Monkeypox is a rare viral disease transmitted by close contact with an infected person with skin lesions. Contact can be made through hugs, kisses, massages, or sexual intercourse. The disease can also be transmitted by contact with respiratory secretions, objects used by the patient, fabrics (clothes, bedding, towels) and surfaces.

There is no specific cure, but the clinical picture is usually mild and requires care and observation of the lesion. The greatest risk of exacerbation is generally in people with HIV / AIDS immunosuppression, leukemia, lymphoma, metastases, transplant recipients, people with autoimmune disease, pregnant women, lactating women, and children under 8 years of age. Occurs.

The first symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills, and malaise. One to three days after the onset of symptoms, people usually develop skin lesions in the areas of the mouth, feet, chest, face, and / or genitals.

For prevention, avoid close contact with the sick person until all wounds and materials used by the infected have healed. It is also important to wash your hands, wash with soap and water, and use alcohol gel.

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