The origin of the deadly black death may have finally been discovered

Pieter Bruegel the Elteren / Wikimedia

The pandemic, which drastically reduced one-third of the medieval European population, begins in Central Asia, and more specifically in Kyrgyzstan.

The pandemic is not new. In the mid-14th century, the plague devastated the Middle Ages, The deadliest pandemic everEspecially in Europe and West Asia, where an estimated one-third of the population is declining. For centuries, its origins have been a mystery that has puzzled scientists, but this mystery may have finally come to an end.

A new study published in Nature may have deciphered where the illness came from.The key is in the group 30 skeleton It was excavated from the tomb of the Chuy Valley in northern Kyrgyzstan 130 years ago in the late 1880s.

Plague was caused by bacteria Yersinia pestis Scientists have long searched for its genome on the European continent. In a previous study comparing the genome to the bodies of victims of the disease, researchers Maria Spiro and Johannes Klaus discovered that the second wave of the pandemic had begun in a Russian village, revealing science alerts. To

Other teams of scientists claim to have found the first plague victim to die in Latvia after being infected with a less contagious bacterium. Thousands of years before the pandemic It has started.

A new study by Spyrou and Krause suggests that the plague was born in Central Asia. This was due to DNA evidence from the bodies of seven people taken from the tomb, and the plague contained vague details about the unknown plague.Therefore, this disease Kyrgyzstan in the 1330s..

Spyrou added that the team chose to analyze the teeth. Many blood vessels, Provides researchers with “a great opportunity to detect blood-borne pathogens that may have killed an individual.” Scientists sequenced the genetic material from the teeth and compared it to the modern and historic genome of Yersinia pestis.

Traces of ancient Yersinia pestis DNA were found in three of the seven skeletons. Therefore, the tombstone date inscription reveals these exact years. This was the first death caused by Black Death — 1338..

“Our research solves one of the biggest and most fascinating questions in history, when and where. The most notorious infamous murderer Philip Slavin, a historian at the University of Stirling, said.

However, this study has some limitations, such as a small sample size. Archaeological discoveries are also usually less definitive, and everything can change if the bodies of more plague victims who died earlier are found.

Adriana Peixoto, ZAP //

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