Transgender cyclists face stricter eligibility rules after doubling the time it takes for riders to compete as the sport’s governing body transitions from male to female.
Riders had to have testosterone levels below 5 nanomoles (nmol / L) per liter for the 12 months prior to the competition.
Under the new regulations introduced by Union Cycliste International (UCI) from 1 July, the permitted level will be 2.5 nmol / L for 24 months.
The previous policy was considered after being noticed by British rider Emily Bridges, one of the most famous transgender rivals in cycling.
The UCI statement states:Longer[最近の研究によると最低2年]..[twoyearsminimumaccordingtoarecentstudy)[twoyearsminimumaccordingtoarecentstudy)
“Considering the important role of strength and power in cycling performance, UCI has decided to extend the transition period for low testosterone from 12 months to 24 months.”
Bridges, which started hormone therapy last year, was blocked from UCI’s participation in the National Omnium Championships in April amid a boycott threat from other riders. The 21-year-old boy met her requirements in time for the race in Derby, but UCI did not allow her to switch her license.
If she was competing, Bridges would face Dame Laura Kenny, set a junior men’s record before, and a rider who won the men’s points race at the British College Championship a month ago would be in the five Olympics. It sparked a debate about whether we were able to win. champion.
The UCI said that Bridges participation would only be permitted if she was qualified to compete in international competitions. During subsequent discussions, British Cycling suspended its transgender policy while waiting for a review.
Bridges argued that it was wrong to believe she had an advantage over her rivals. She will not be able to compete in women’s races until 2023.
“Many people still consider transgender women to be men with male anatomy and physiology, so you understand how to reach this conclusion,” she said in an interview with DIVA magazine. .. “But hormone replacement therapy is very effective. The difference in aerobic performance disappears after about 4 months.
“There is ongoing research for transgender women in sports. I’m doing that and the performance degradation I’ve seen is huge. There’s no advantage over competitors and the data to support it I have.”