“No one is called 911”: What can we do to change the culture of haze in US universities? | Fraternity and sorority

LDanny Santuri, an 18-year-old student at the University of Missouri, who ate on October 19, 2021, fell to bed during a party on Tuesday night.

Surveillance footage from the “Father of the Oath Reveals” party hosted by the Phi Gamma Delta Friendship Society reveals how Santuri was forced to feed beer through a funnel while drinking a bottle of 1.75 liter vodka. .. After drinking for two hours, he lost his balance and bent backwards. He was barely aware when the fraternity members dropped him again while scrambling him to carry the door to the hospital. There, a clerk found him not breathing in the car and was in cardiac arrest. His blood alcohol level was almost deadly 0.46.

“They knew he was suffering and his lips were blue,” mother Mary Pat Santuri told ABC News to many members of the Phi Gamma Delta looking down on her son’s deteriorating condition. Mentioned.

Miraculously, Santuri escaped that fateful night in his life – but he suffered a brain injury and was unable to walk, talk or see.

On June 17, a grand jury charged two people, Vice President Fraternity, who supplied vodka to the party, and another member who gave it to Santuri, for felony. The Santulli family has settled a proceeding between 22 defendants and fraternity. Meanwhile, Santurli’s tragic incident renewed serious concerns about the dangers of haze.

Over the last five years, the incidence of dangerous haze incidents has increased at universities across the country. The university has responded by trying to crack down. In 2019, the University of Missouri introduced new rules that limit access to alcohol and other behaviors that have a significant impact on haze. However, like most schools, Mizuu does not own a multi-million dollar mansion that is a base for fraternity and sorority, so the task of maintaining order is left to student-run surveillance groups, haze. It continues to prosper. Since 2000, 101 reported students have died in a hazy incident at an American university. So what, if any, can we do to change the culture?

Danny Santuri. Photo: Courtesy of David W. Bianchi

“Even words Hazy It sounds very calm, “says Laura Pernod, a therapist who barely survived the hazy incident of her son Tyler. “this is abuse.. It is abuse of power, physical and emotional abuse of individuals. In other environments it would be called abuse. “

As is common in less demanding environments such as sports teams and the military, as well as restaurants and law firms, Hayes is a Greek character student who favors a kind of popular caste system at private and public universities across the country. Most closely related to the organization. ..

The Greek organization preceded the founding of the United States, and in 1775 the Society of Academic Honors, Phi Beta Kappa, was established at the University of William and Mary. Sixty years later, when the university finally opened its doors to women, female students formed a female student club as a shield against the system. While fraternity was formed according to the conservative rules of the arch on the university campus, misogyny.

According to the 2019 Fraternity book, which examines the haze through the lives of two students navigating this world, college haze was prevalent in the early 1800s, and sophomores needed freshmen. This practice increased as students returned to campus from the trenches of the civil war in the late 1860s and began to fuel alcohol after World War II. Nowadays, it is an extreme starting process that forces a group to prove their affiliation by submitting to stressful, intimidating and humiliating rituals that establish and strengthen pecking order. Everyone will participate. No one claims responsibility.

A college student drinking a long beer bon.
A college student drinking a long beer bon. Photo: mcgillycuddy / Stockimo / Alamy

As higher education has grown rapidly into a $ 5 trillion business, college higher education has undergone a sadistic transformation. Blindfolded gauntlets, strength tests, cruel mind games, cow branding-these are all hallmarks of college haze. Meanwhile, the number of deaths from haze has jumped from about 1 per year from 1969 to 2000 to 2.5 per year over the last 20 years. And almost all of those cases involve excessive drinking in fraternity. “Part of being part of Greek life is learning how to tolerate large amounts of alcohol,” says Susan Lipkins, a psychologist who has studied haze for most of the 20 years. Better alcohol. Life in Greece, in particular, has done a lot not only to build lifelong bonds, but also to establish haze as an important rite of passage that will shape future careers.

Vomiting in 1980 after a student named Barry Burrow at the University of South Carolina stopped consuming large amounts of alcohol at a party hosted by Sigma Nu, a military-based fraternity that promotes values ​​such as love, truth, and honor. Was suffocated to death. Like Santulli, Ballou was left unconscious on the couch for over an hour.

In 2019, a transfer student named Tyler Perino promised to make friends with the Delta Tau Delta Fraternity Association at the University of Miami, Ohio. However, at a surprise admission party, Pernod was blindfolded, exposed to verbal abuse, force-fed drugs, and excessive amounts of alcohol, and repeatedly hit his bare bottom with a paddle. Later that night, his girlfriend found him lying prone on the bed in his dorm room, drifting inside and outside his consciousness, and choking on his own vomit. Her 911 call probably saved his life.

Although Pernod has achieved full physical recovery, he still struggles emotionally and relies on antidepressants and counseling to manage PTSD. After the hazy incident, Pernod transferred to the University of Toledo again. He is there one semester away from him earning a degree in a major in psychology and a minor in forensic research. Call it his way of pursuing justice that you have never seen in Miami. In Miami, most perpetrators were fined $ 100 after the university slapped the Delta Tau Delta with a 15-year ban. He no longer drinks or parties. He works in his father’s painting business and in a local state prison. “It’s like fraternity,” Pernod tells the Guardian. “You definitely have a director, a top dog. Certainly, there are certainly similar types of pyramids.”

Pernod says he hopes to improve the problem of fraternity haze. “But that would be difficult. Most, but not all, of the children who participate want to have some kind of power. What happens is that when you give them that power, people All that is needed to make a bad decision to get used to it is one bad apple. “

Santulli’s hospitalization triggered a large-scale student protest and permanent ban on the Phi Gamma Delta in Mizu. Missouri is one of the 44 states that have legislation banning possession, but only 10 are explicitly felony in the event of death or serious injury. The state passed the Collins Act after a student at Ohio State University died in a hazy ritual in 2018. Still, students and parents have little information to make informed decisions, as the Clary Act exempts students from possession of crime and the university must report to the Ministry of Education. Hmm.

University of Michigan students gather at the Sigmakai Friendship Hall to drink alcohol.
University of Michigan students gather at the Sigmakai Friendship Hall to drink alcohol. Photo: Jim West / Alamy

“Overall, we want to increase the transparency of the history of crime,” says Laura Perino, who, in the case of Tyler, could only hear the words of the Greek student representative during the campus orientation. “They said,’There is a fraternity that goes wrong and there is a fraternity that shouldn’t pop up. So go with the one sponsored by the campus.” So Tyler wants to join the fraternity to meet his friends. When we told us, we said, “As long as it’s sponsored by the school, it’s OK.”

After a 19-year-old student at Penn State University died of a skull fracture and spleen laceration in a 2018 friendship start, where he drank 18 drinks in 82 minutes, President Eric Baron of Penn State University said. I vowed to end the haze forever and met with colleagues all over the country to fight the problems I started regularly. However, the paradox for school managers is as follows: Headaches caused by hazy Greek living groups are not as urgent as chronic pains that resolve, such as student housing and funding. Returning to campus or donating money to graduates is much easier if there is a place that can be called a home to drink with the new generation.

In 2005, haze-studying psychologist Lipkins visited Capitol Hill in hopes of raising interest in a national haze prevention bill that regulates fraternity and fund research and intervention efforts. .. But as she walked through the Hall of Fame and met the legislators, she suddenly reached dawn. Not only did many of them belong to Greek organizations, but some had pledged children. “At that time, I realized that it was very unlikely that the government would tackle this issue.”

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