Monkeypox: Suspicious cases have been investigated in Belo Horizonte, Ouro Preto, Ituiutaba-Rádio Itatiaia

The Ezequiel Dias Foundation (Funed) analyzes a sample of patients suspected of having monkeypox called monkeypox in Belo Horizonte and Ouro Preto in central Minas Gerais. An investigation of two new suspicious cases was confirmed this Wednesday by the State of Minas Gerais Health Department (SES) (15). The third case had already been investigated at Ituiutaba in Triângulo Mineiro.

The ministry reported that the suspicious case had no history of evacuation or overseas travel.

This week, SES ruled that the death of a criminal police officer was caused by monkeypox, also known as monkeypox. The 41-year-old victim worked in a prison in the city of Araguari and was admitted to Uberlandia in Triangulo Mineiro.

“SES-MG has completed a guidance note to the municipality regarding case identification and sample collection for analysis by Fundação Ezequiel Dias (Funed). All clinical data are available from the SES-MG technical team and the Ministry of Health. Also analyzed by. For case investigation and closing, “notify you of notes from the folder.

What is monkeypox?

Monkeypox is a zoonotic disease, a virus that infects monkeys, but can accidentally contaminate humans. This usually occurs in the woodlands of Central and West Africa. The disease is caused by the monkeypox virus, which belongs to the Ortopoxvirus family.

There are two types of monkeypox virus, one from West Africa and one from the Congo Basin (Central Africa). Monkeypox virus infection in West Africa can cause serious illness in some people, but the illness is usually self-limited (no treatment required).

West African virus case fatality rate is 1%, but Congo Basin virus case fatality rate can reach 10%. Children are also at high risk, and WHO points out that smallpox during pregnancy can lead to complications, congenital smallpox, or the death of the baby.

What are the symptoms of the disease?

Early symptoms of monkeypox include fever, headache, myalgia, back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills, and malaise. Skin lesions first occur on the face and then spread to other parts of the body, including the genitals. Skin lesions look like chickenpox or syphilis, but shed after the crust is formed.

Symptoms of monkeypox can be mild or severe, and skin lesions can be itchy or painful. Mild cases of smallpox are overlooked and can pose a risk of human-to-human transmission. Endemic disease is usually confined to parts of West Africa and Central Africa, so people who are traveling or otherwise exposed may have little immunity to infection.

How does transmission occur?

The source of infection in the reported cases has not yet been confirmed by WHO. In general, monkeypox can spread through contact with droplets exhaled by an infected person (human or animal) or with skin lesions caused by illness or contaminants such as clothing or bedding. The incubation period for monkeypox is usually 6 to 13 days, but can range from 5 to 21 days. Therefore, infected people need to be quarantined and monitored for 21 days.

In the face of certain cases in the UK, UKHSA has noted that people, especially men who have sex with men, especially gay, bisexual, or men (MSMs), are aware of abnormal rashes and lesions on any part of the body, especially the genitals. If, service. Doctor. Despite the recommendations, monkeypox has never been described as a sexually transmitted disease, but officials point out that it can be transmitted by direct contact during sexual activity.

How was the illness identified?

Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958, when smallpox-like illnesses occurred twice in monkey colonies kept for research. The first human case of monkeypox was recorded in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1970 during a period of intense efforts to eliminate smallpox. Since then, monkeypox has been reported in humans in other Central and West African countries.

In this possible 2022 outbreak, the first case was confirmed in the United Kingdom in a man with skin lesions on 5/5, admitted to a hospital in London, and a specialized infectious disease center until monkeypox was confirmed. Was transferred to. Another case developed the same skin lesions on 4/30 and was confirmed on 5/13.

Do you have a vaccine?

Historically, vaccination against smallpox has been shown to prevent monkeypox. Vaccines (MVA-BN) and specific treatments (tecovirimat) have been approved for smallpox, but in 2019 and 2022, these measures are not yet widely available and are 40 or 50 years old, respectively. Less than the world’s population. As these campaigns have been discontinued, you should take the vaccine that was protected by the previous smallpox vaccination program longer. In the UK, smallpox vaccines are offered to those at greatest risk.

How to prevent yourself?

Residents and travelers of endemic countries avoid contact with diseased animals (dead or alive) that can hide the monkeypox virus (rodents, marsupials, primates) and are wild. You need to avoid eating and handling the game. Hygiene hands with soap and water or alcohol gel not only avoids exposure to the virus, but also avoids contact with infected people and uses objects from contaminated people and skin lesions. Important to avoid.

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