When the cold comes, some illnesses begin to appear. Colds and flu are widespread in all age groups, but results can be exacerbated in children and the elderly. Therefore, it is important to prevent yourself.
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According to Huares Cunha, a pediatrician and chairman of the SBIm (Brazilian Immunology Society), the main illnesses that appear during this period are respiratory infections, especially those caused by viruses and bacteria such as colds, flu, pneumonia and sinusitis. I have a illness.
The difference between the flu and the cold
Symptoms are very similar, but flu and colds are different. First, both causative agents are different. According to infectious disease specialist Maria Ravinea Nobis de Figueiledo, influenza is caused by influenza A and influenza B viruses, and colds are caused by more than 100 viruses belonging to the cyvirus family.
In addition to the causative agent, there are other differences between the flu and the cold. “In a common cold, the symptoms are relatively mild. sore throat Mild sneezing, stuffy nose, low-grade fever, and a little discomfort, “explains. Silvana Fahel, pediatrician, hematologist, hematologist. Colds usually last for 3-4 days and improve spontaneously. In this case, the person is usually able to perform normal activities despite discomfort.
“Unlike the flu, you have a high fever, your general condition worsens, and you have body aches, malaise, and headaches,” the pediatrician distinguishes. The performance of physical and intellectual activity is impaired and the cycle of illness is lengthened. The flu can be much more serious than a cold.
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How to get the flu and cold
It is possible to prevent both flu and colds. In both cases, saliva droplets, sneezing, coughing, sharing of contaminated objects, contaminated surfaces, and even handshakes cause human-to-human transmission, Maria Ravinea Nobis de Figueiled. Says.
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How to protect yourself from these illnesses
One of the superior facilitators of transmission is the aggregation of people in a closed environment, adds pediatrician Silvana Fahel. “You can try As a precautionary measureAvoid contact with affected people, and in a closed, unventilated environment, the virus causes many mutations, so always eat a good diet, wash your hands, and get a flu shot. ” He advises.
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Importance of vaccination
Influenza vaccine is mainly indicated for children from 6 months to 2 years old, and elderly people from 60 years old. These age groups are the most vulnerable populations and can cause more serious complications. Because of the cold There are many types of viruses and there are no vaccines because they make immunity difficult.
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