In 2021, Ceará 53% Of application MMR vaccine— Prevents measles, rubella and mumps — the lowest vaccination rate for this disease in 8 years. Since 2013, the state has also not reached its goal of immunizing children with a second vaccination against measles. Data is from the National Immunization Program Information System (SI-PNI) people According to Ceará State Health Department (Sesa).
The first dose of the MMR vaccine will be given to children who are just one year old and will require a second dose or booster immunization three months later.
The decline in numbers is worrisome to medical professionals, as measles was thought to have been eradicated from Brazil in 2016. Since then, outbreaks of illness have occurred occasionally due to low vaccination rates. According to epidemiologist Marcelo Gurgel, a professor of public health at Ceará State University (Uece), measles Periodic disease If it is prone to accumulation and coverage is irregular, it tends to recur every few years.
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“Ceará has a history of vaccination rates in excess of 100%, which may reflect a miscalculation of the vaccinated population. I presume it was smaller than what is there. There were more children than we did. The number of children accumulates year by year, which means that children who should have been vaccinated the previous year will be vaccinated the following year, “Gurgel explains. ..
From 2019 to 2020, the amount of D2 applied decreased by about 16%. And from 2020 to 2021, they were 18% less. With the start of the 2019 pandemic, vaccination rates were expected to be the lowest the following year, but this did not happen.
“What happened in 2021 was an increase in cases of Covid-19 in children, and people began to follow the tendency of natural concerns. The adult population gained some immunity after vaccination and children It’s time for us to come into contact with the virus. “, He theorizes.
Low measles D2 coverage
Data for 2020 and 2021 are subject to change, but Gurgel does not believe there will be any major changes. “The 53% coverage of these D2s could increase, but it’s still far from the past coverage it had,” he says.
According to experts, “people think they are already vaccinated after the first dose.” What already feels safe with just one dose is a behavioral problem in the population. The structure of the National Immunization Program is a nationally and internationally recognized model, which has favored premonition and research.
“I’m worried because measles is a serious illness that can be fatal and devastating, causing both fatal pneumonia and long-term blindness,” Gurgel said.
“Brazil proudly said that Brazilians who went to Japan need to be vaccinated against measles. I’m going to a country where I still have measles, so we tell soccer players Japan In fact, measles vaccination more than 10 years ago was a very good vaccination. Today, unfortunately, a case that proves that the disease has recurred. Is already there, “he adds.
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