Dementia beyond Alzheimer’s disease-June 19, 2022

Not long ago, the diagnosis of dementia was understood as a natural result of aging caused by hardening of arterial blood vessels and oxygenation and nutritional depletion of the brain. Therefore, elderly people who have gradually evolved due to difficulty in forgetting and clarifying ideas are diagnosed with senile dementia.

Doctor Alois Alzheimer described microscopic brain changes in and around neurons in the brain of patients who died of dementia at age 56 in 1906, but came to understand that this was the most common. It’s been only 30 years since then. Common cause. Common for dementia.

However, it didn’t take long for us to start making new conceptual mistakes, as lack of memory and the use of thought began to be diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease.

In fact, Alzheimer’s disease causes about two-thirds of dementia, and unfortunately there is little that can be done to reverse its evolution, but the rest are blood vessels, deposits, toxicity, traumatic causes, and other degenerations. It is a disease.

Vascular disorders range from microvascular damage caused by smoking, diabetes, dyslipidemia (high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides) and hypertension to ischemic and hemorrhagic vascular accidents resulting from the same disorders described above. This is the second most common cause.

The third most common cause of dementia is a change in the structure of synuclein, a protein found in the neurons involved in cognition, which promotes round deposits known as Lewy bodies. The progressive accumulation of Lewy bodies results in complete dysfunction of these nerve cells, but like Alzheimer’s disease, there is little to do other than supportive measures.

Nervous tissue toxicity caused by alcohol (and other drug) abuse and chronic consumption, frequent head injuries as seen in some sports, especially boxing (and derivatives) and other specific illnesses. , Is the cause of the remaining causes of dementia.

At least as for the cause of blood vessels, there are many things that can be done to prevent these consequences, as they are due to treatable medical conditions, but many studies have found that the gold standards for vascular protection are diet, exercise, and sleep. It suggests that smoking cessation care protects us. Also for the development of Alzheimer’s disease.

Imagine what your future retirement will be, while the use of all other types of drugs and hormones is increasing proportionally in an era of dramatic declines in smoking. Is difficult.

Anyway, getting older is a privilege and only a few people will reach that fullness, I take advantage of the opportunity to quote Miller Fernandez. It takes a lot of talent to get old. “


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