The City Hall of Rio de Janeiro, through its Secretary of Health, confirmed two more cases of monkeypox involving residents of the municipality tonight (23). As previously reported by the Ministry of Health, this event will be added to the other 14 people already recorded in the country. Therefore, 16 cases have already been approved by health authorities. They span three states. It has occurred 10 times in São Paulo, 4 times in Rio de Janeiro and 2 times in Rio Grande do Sul.
According to the prefecture, the two newly identified cases are men aged 25 and 30. None of them have a recent history of overseas travel or contact information for travelers. Therefore, there are probably two spontaneous cases. In other words, an infection has occurred in the state.
In light of new events, the Rio de Janeiro capital is currently recording three confirmed cases. All patients are quarantined at home and monitored daily. According to the city’s health department, they show good clinical evolution. Authorities also notify that they are monitoring people who have come into contact with the infected. The city of Malika is responsible for other events already confirmed in the state of Rio de Janeiro.
A study previously published by the Ministry of Health has not yet described two new cases in Rio de Janeiro, but included three outbreaks in the state of São Paulo, which were also confirmed today. All patients are male and live in São Paulo. Of the 14 cases reported so far, three were considered native, according to the Ministry of Health. Another 11 were classified as imports because the patient had a history of traveling to Europe.
So far, there is no record of an incident that has developed into a serious situation. Both the Ministry of Health and state and local health authorities have reported mild and stable clinical conditions. In Europe, where more than 80% of current outbreaks are concentrated, there are no notifications of death.
There are two known strains of monkeypox. One of them is considered more dangerous due to its case fatality rate of up to 10% and is endemic to the Congo Basin region. The other, with a case fatality rate of 1% to 3%, is endemic in West Africa and has been detected in other countries in this outbreak. Usually, a mild clinical picture is obtained.
Internationally known as monkeypox, monkeypox is endemic in the African region. In May, new cases began to be detected in Europe and the United States, causing international health problems. Since then, more than 2,000 cases have been reported in more than 40 countries, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
The disease is caused by a virus from the family Poxvirus, Same as smallpox, was eradicated in 1980. It is mainly found in rodents, but it was named because it was first detected in monkey colonies. In addition to respiratory secretions, infections occur between people through direct contact such as kisses and hugs, or through infectious wounds, crusts, and body fluids.
The infection usually causes a short fever, followed by the formation of lesions and nodules on the skin, or a systemic rash. The first symptoms appear 6 to 16 days after contamination. Lesions progress to the crustal stage and dry out after 2-4 weeks. The greatest risk of exacerbation is for people with HIV / AIDS immunosuppression, transplant recipients, people with autoimmune disease, pregnant women, lactating women, children under 8 years of age, leukemia, lymphoma, and patients with metastases. ..
There is no special treatment. As a precaution, the sick person should be quarantined until all wounds have healed. It is also advisable to avoid contact with the materials used by the infected person. Another measure indicated by health authorities is hand hygiene, washing them with soap and water, or using gel alcohol.