Snail fever: a deadly disease that has infected more than 56 million women worldwide
The World Health Organization has warned that this parasitic condition, which has no specific symptoms, has occurred in Africa.
Snail fever is alert to the African Continent. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that it affects approximately 56 million women and girls. The disease is caused by potentially deadly parasites that settle in the female reproductive system.
Technically known as female genital cystsomiasis (FGS), this condition is caused by worms that leave the snail when in freshwater and settle in the body, producing eggs that attack the colon, uterus, and fallopian tubes in women. Is triggered. Gustavo Tato Borges, Chairman of the National Association of Public Health Physicians (ANMSP), explained to NiT: In extreme cases, it can even lead to death because of the increased risk of uterine, bladder, and HIV infections.“.
According to the British newspaper Telegraph, invisible enemies attack the waters of the Kahue River in Zambia, southern Africa. After the parasites leave the snail, they begin searching for a host that can settle down. When it finds human skin, it penetrates the bloodstream, travels until it can introduce an egg into the cervix, and eventually blocks the fallopian tubes.
“One of the problems with this disease is the lack of specific symptoms.” Refers to a public health doctor. “Diagnosis can take years. During that time, people go to medical services with swelling, fever, and even hematuria in different parts of the body.”
Snail fever is common in women, but it also affects men, killing about 280,000 people worldwide each year.
Kashika Mukwakti, a nurse in the Maramba region of Zambia, who is strongly affected by snail fever, admitted that the team she works for had never heard of the disease until 2020, so medical experts said it. I’ve only started. Try to detect the infection as soon as possible. “Last month we examined 48 women, and one already had cervical cancer,” she told a British newspaper.
The disease is treatable and curable
It is possible to treat and prevent snail fever. In some parts of Zambia, the disease is progressing so rapidly that adolescents receive preventive treatment each year. According to WHO recommendations, praziquantel, an active substance used to treat infections of worms and parasites, is administered.
Children are a very vulnerable audience to this condition. “The fact that there is a preventive program for school-aged minors shows that the situation is not good,” Zambia’s WHO technical leader Precious Kaubula was quoted by “The Telegraph.”
It has been pointed out that access to drinking water is low as one of the causes of this endemic disease. Rarity makes people seek drinking water from the river, increasing the risk of contracting diseases such as snail fever and cholera.
Gustavo Tato Borges explains to NiT: It is possible to eradicate the disease: This method “goes through water quality control to treat household water and control snail pests and chemoprophylaxis in school-age children,” he says. This strategy can contribute to the eradication of this condition, as it happened in countries such as Japan and Tunisia. “Fortunately, in Portugal, this condition was not detected, especially because of the highest levels of quality and easy access to controlled drinking water,” experts say.